the_origins_of_Sipala_NEW.html-sito di giovanni mario sipala le_origini_dei_Sipala_NEW.html-sito di giovanni mario sipala Le Origini dei Sipala

Sito Web di
Giovanni Mario Sipala


(A little research on the origins of the surname and the family)

per la versione italiana clicca qui

for English version click here

English version:

English translation of the group created on facebook

The most recent research is at the bottom of the page

Giovanni Sipala

the first Sipala in Sicily

LAST NAME ORIGIN: the first sipala are present in the year 1797 in the country of Solarino (Syracuse) in Italy

meaning of the word:

Sicilian dialect:

The sipala is na row of arvusti or àutri chianti, and more willing fittamenti na certain stenzioni more narrowly restricted or ricintari or commu urnamentu avenues and Jardina.


The sipala is a row of shrubs or other plants, densely arranged, that can be used as a barrier to restrict the passage, as a fence, or as ornament avenues and public gardens.

Like · · · Unfollow this post Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 12:15

Giovanni Sipala

many thanks to google-cache ... Thanks to this service I was able to retrieve the information of this group who had lost after migration imposed by facebook to all the old groups ....

The origins of Sipala | Facebook

Basic Info Name: The origins of SipalaCategory: Common Interest - FamiliesDescription: little research on the origins of sipala help to make the search more detailed interesting! pictured palace sipala to solarino (syracuse, italy) Privacy Type: Open: All content is public. Recent New ...

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Giovanni Sipala


some brothers Spaniards arrived from Spain to Sicily (probably Solarino) and were the first in Italy Sipala.

Like · · · Unfollow this post Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 00:19


status (ethnic group language) word

Hawaiian USA (Native American) Malu

Hawaiian USA (Native American) Maluhia

Hawaiian USA (Native American) Sipala <-------

USA Hopi (Native American), Shi-Nu-Mu (= peace)

USA Hopi (Native American) ... Sipala <-------


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Giovanni Sipala



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Giovanni Sipala

According heraldry surname Sipala is connected to the surname Sipione:
but it is not a fully reliable news

note that only Rosolini is the city of Baron Sipione ...


Titles: Baron
Residence: Rosolini, Syracuse

Sicilian family known since the eighteenth century;
was named to the wealth of the feudal onze 93 Annual in 1812 and decorated with the title of baron recognized with DM of November 26, 1926.
Inscribed in the Golden Book of Italian Nobility, inscribed in the List Official Italian Noble year 1922.

Weapon: blue-crowned gold, turned lieutenant with claws front a silver lily, crossed by a bar of the same.

surnames Southern

surnames Southern

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Giovanni Sipala


Solarino (San Paulu in Sicilian) is a city in eastern Sicily, near Syracuse.


Sipala Palace (eighteenth century), is located along the Corso Vittorio Emanuele and the interior has been transformed into a bed and breakfast

the story:
The history of the origins of Solarino is shrouded in mystery and is often the boundary between reality and legend, due to a fire in 1944 destroyed

local archives, making it somewhat difficult historical reconstruction.
Although there are many archaeological evidence of human presence
in today's municipal area, since prehistoric times, the foundation of the first settlement occurred only in the eighteenth century [11] at the hands of the Prince of Pantelleria Giuseppe Antonio Requisenz.

Place name:

The meaning of the name is unclear Solarino.
According to a thesis, may derive from the Sicilian sularinu, which means "lonely", perhaps because
reported to the church that was originally isolated from the first settlement;
according to other authors, [18] [19] however, the name is of Latin origin
deriving from the word solaris or solarium which means "sunny", referring to the geographical position of the territory.
A foundation and confirmation of this
theory, the authors pose the feedback with the name of one of the districts of Solarino, Soliardo, from Latin solis (= sun) ardeo (= burn, inflamed, I shine), that is, "I shine or burn to the sun", and then " sunny place ".

Like · · · Unfollow this post Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 00:23

Giovanni Sipala Sipala
Palace of Count Sipala

Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 00:52 · The piaceReply

Giovanni Sipala



(Palagùnia or Palaunia in Sicilian)

is a town in the province of Catania, which is part of the calatino site at the southern edge of the plain of Catania.
Palagonia develops about 200 meters above sea level. The city, known for its vast citrus groves, has 16,429 inhabitants (source Demo Istat March 2009).
The site has been inhabited since prehistoric times;
is proved by the discovery of a Palaeolithic settlement near the present town. It seems that Palikè, near present Palagonia, was founded in 453 BC by Ducezio who made ​​it the capital of his state.
At the time of the Sicilians, Palikè was probably already become an important political and religious center.
A Palikè was located a famous shrine. Tradition has it that the gods called Palici, object of veneration by the Sicilians, were born from the sulphurous waters of Lake Naftia of volcanic origin. The temple dedicated to them was probably located on the shores of the lake itself; in the temple rituals were practiced and obscure prophecies.

Municipal Archives of Palagonia:

A fire destroyed the town hall in 1952 and with it the archive.
There remain about 490 pieces (1866-1955) and vital records since 1866

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Giovanni Sipala

frank sinatra
October 1, 2002 - page 13 section: PALERMO

"A crime of 'honor would be all' origin of the glory of Frank Sinatra.
A crime committed at 'beginning of the twentieth century by his father Saverio when, still very young, he lived in Palagonia, the country of the Plain of Catania, where he was born November 22, 1882, and from which it would have been forced to emigrate to escape justice Italian. The fortunes of the great singer began their escape from that. " To swear is the 'criminal lawyer Joseph Catania Scaccianoce, 62, cousin directed, he said, The Voice: "While I have always been aware of its origins father - explains Scaccianoce - Sinatra changed the subject when someone asked him about the family's past. " An embarrassing past, to the point that, according to the 'attorney, once arrived in the United States, Saverio would be recorded by the name of Antonio Martino, for friends Marty. A sensational testimony that however has a few objective findings: "The history of the crime of 'honor - continues the criminal - not the' I learned directly from my relatives but by some newspapers several years ago."

Frank Sinatra - »Search - frank sinatra October 1, 2002 - page 13 section: PAL

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Giovanni Sipala

Sipala - Wikipedia

The Sipala and na row of arvusti or àutri chianti, and more willing fittamenti na Certa stenzioni more narrowly restricted or ricintari or commu urnamentu avenues and Jardina.

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Giovanni Sipala the "Sipala" is a wall of shrubs or other plants arranged very dense which serves to restrict the passage as protection or as an ornament of streets and gardens

Wednesday, March 7, 2012 at 23:37 · Like · 1Reply

Giovanni Sipala

the distribution of surnames in USA Sipala

Like · · · Unfollow this post Wednesday, March 7, 2012 at 23:06

A Savior Sipala like this.

Giovanni Sipala

diffusion of the surname Sipala in Italian territory

Like · · · Unfollow this post Wednesday, March 7, 2012 at 23:05

A Savior Sipala like this.

Giovanni Sipala

diffusion of the surname Sipala in Italian territory

Like · · · Unfollow this post Wednesday, March 7, 2012 at 22:57

A Savior Sipala, Gaetano Sipala like this.

Giovanni Sipala

Solarino - Wikipedia

It is located in the hinterland of Syracuse, 17 km northwest of the capital. It is the smallest municipality, by extension, of the province, but at the same time it is also the third largest town in the province by population density, after Floridia and Siracusa.

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Giovanni Sipala

File: Palazzo Sipala.JPG - Wikimedia Commons

Flickr -

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Giovanni Sipala

the villa of the Prince of Palagonia located in Bagheria

The villas of Bagheria

bagheria news - - The newspaper on line in Bagheria. Information portal addressed to the territory of bagheria and surrounding areas. Many news, columns, photos and video. bagheria news.

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Giovanni Sipala

Palagonia - Wikipedia

Palagonia (Palagùnia or Palaunia in Sicilian) is an Italian town of 16.429 inhabitants in the province of Catania in Sicily.

Like · · Unfollow this post · Share · Wednesday, March 7, 2012 at 22:40

A Savior Sipala like this.

History of Solarino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Solarino, Sicilian town in the province of Syracuse, has a long history of several centuries, sinking and confuses its roots in the legendary visit to San Paolofece 'oppidum site near the present town, [1] during his stay in Syracuse in 61 AD [2]
Historically, however, the village was founded in the eighteenth century.

The origins

The necropolis of Cava Rivettazzo the first evidence of human presence in the territory solarinese

While the first form of human settlement in the area dates back alPaleolitico top (third millennium BC), as may be inferred from the discovery of a necropolis in the locality Cava Rivettazzo, 4 km (1 km as the crow flies) approximately, north today's urban center, by Paolo Orsi in the early '900; the first settlement of which there are traces, however, is much more recent and covers the period greek going from fourth to third century BC, as shown by archaeological excavations, a few kilometers to the east of the country, in places Cozzo Collura , the site identified as the Well of the Church, flat area and, in the past, infested by malaria.

The Pozzo di San Paolo in Cozzo Collura, solarinese first settlement dating back to the greek

The first official news on Solarino, however, you have only since 1296, the year in which it appears, in the role of the feudal lords synthesized by De Spucches [3], as baronial feud of Syracuse Gutierre de Nava.
After several changes of ownership, December 15, 1656, was invested with the fief, the noble family of Catalan Requisenz, arrived in Sicily nel1453 with the troops of Alfonso V of Aragon.
The April 25, 1760, Don Giuseppe Antonio Requisenz, "Prince of Pantelleria, Count of Buscemi and Baron delfeudo Solarino", obtained the licentia populandi by King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and made ​​to flow in propriofeudo: the population of the nearby village of well of the Church, for evading the frequent malarial infections, the inhabitants of the farm Trigona and displaced persons of Siracusa, Noto, and Canicattini Bagni who had escaped alterremoto the Val di Noto in 1693, thereby creating the first town which he called "Earth St. Paul in the feud of Solarino "[4].

The authorization to populate the fiefs, in fact, were made ​​by Regie concessions that were intended, through the establishment of new rural municipalities, to ensure the feudal nobility, on the one hand, the preservation - in fact - of your domain on the lands and, secondly, to create more wealth for the population, but at the same time, also to increase the census, the taxes and income of Customs and Excise [5].

The Land of San Paolo Solarino, was constituted as comunello (term used in the Bourbon bureaucracy to indicate today fraction) of the City of Syracuse Capovalle [6].

Municipal autonomy to the Second World War

Requisenz Palace (1759), the first building constructed in Solarino.

Since its establishment, the Comunello had a big population increase due mainly to the presence of settlers as well as the facts come from different places of Sicily, also from Genovesato [7], Piedmont and especially from Malta [8]. Presence that is to be found both surnames of clear Maltese (Mallia, Gozzo, Cianci) and Piedmont (Adorno) that still are present in the Municipality; both by coronimi Cassara (surname Maltese), Maltese, Vizzinisi (Sicilian word to indicate the inhabitants of Vizzini), Calancon wind (calanco properly is a particularly hilly landscape delMonferrato and Ligurian Apennines), Cozzo Modica (Modica, common in the province of Ragusa).

There were then, among the first inhabitants, even families from Morocco ('Maronitii ") and the Castelli Romani (" Terrae Collium prope Romam habitatores'), as can be seen from the Parish Register of Baptisms of the Mother Church [9].

In 1766, the Land of St. Paul already had 235 inhabitants, the number nearly tripled after little more than twenty years;
and in 1820 the founder asked the King of Naples permission to "elevate San Paolo Solarino to the rank of an independent town" [10].

Extraordinary meeting of the Municipal Council and informal Solarino, held December 20, 2007 as part of the celebrations for the anniversary of municipal 180º.

By Royal Decree n. 1687 of December 20, 1827, King Francis I of the Two Sicilies, granted to Comunello San Paolo Solarino to separate from Syracuse, to constitute Shared particular (ie, independent) having the same name, so the sanctioning administrative autonomy.
This autonomy, however, was not immediate, since they first had to resolve the inevitable economic, logistical and administrative related to the division of the territory between the Cape Town-valley of Syracuse and the newborn San Paolo Solarino.
The decision took place July 14, 1828, but the copy of the report was sent to the mayor only July 29, 1930, so until then, Solarino was in fact met again in Syracuse. [11]
The population of the new municipality was predominantly rural and consists mostly of small landowners, and the remainder from agricultural laborers, artisans and small traders;
consequently, popular activities were agriculture and lapastorizia. Such set-economic-social, which survived until the First World War, is perfectly reflected in the urban structure of the country.
Until the beginning of the last century, in fact, most of the houses, except for the palaces (Requisenz, Conti Mezio and Sipala) consisted of poor houses on the street level, with one or two rooms, lacking the most basic services Toilet.

In 1850 was introduced the public lighting by kerosene lamps;
but to wait until 1922 for the electrification of the same. In the second half of the nineteenth century, was planned the Piazza del Plebiscito and the adjacent streets. In 1925, finally, they began work on the incanalizzazione rainwater and the construction of the water system.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a considerable rate of emigration especially regarding the United States of America and Australia, where many communities sprang solarinesi (New Britain, Connecticut, in Paterson [12] in New Jersey and in the suburb of Melbourne, Moreland, in Australia) but also Latin America, Central Europe (Switzerland and Germany) and the regions of northern Italy [13];
that failed to be balanced by immigration of 4,000 refugees in the Syracuse friulanigiunti after the First World War, most of whom settled in Solarino [14].

Of particular importance was the role of Solarino during the Second World War. Already between September and October 1939, the campaigns around the Hospital Vasquez were chosen for effettuarvi a training camp of the I and IVbattaglione of the 75th Infantry Regiment; the outbreak of hostilities, the town was affected by the presence of more than 1,300 displaced people mainly from Syracuse, Augusta and so-called "Overseas Territories", namely from former African colonies; in May of 1943, then, Umberto of Savoy, then general of Army Group South there mustered troops from Palazzolo, Buccheri, Vizzini and Grammichele that had been deployed along the road to Floridia; Finally, between 11 and 13 July of that year, near the village was fought one of the bloodiest battles that affected the Syracuse area "[15].
At the end of the fighting, the village, fortunately did not appear particularly damaged.
Had collapsed the roofs of some houses and there were holes caused by the bursting of grenades, but overall remained intact both the church and the Town Hall. In 1944, however, just this last was set on fire by a group of young draft dodgers, resulting in the destruction of the municipal archives, for which reason, you do not have very precise information about the early years of life of the City and the border between history and tradition, in some ways it is very labile.

The Battle of Solarino (11-13 July 1943)

Plaque commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Solarino.

On July 10, 1943, after starting from Palazzolo Acreide at a time of Syracuse, in order to counter the advance of the British, the 75th Infantry Regiment, led by Colonel Francis Ronco, took refuge in Solarino - nearest town - after he stumbled in the British aircraft that began bombing the troops on the march.
Reached the company cyclists, stationed right in the latter municipality, Colonel Ronco ordered the same company to continue to Floridia, but crossing the ponteMulinello, the vehicle that preceded the cyclists was targeted by allies shooters positioned on the heights over the bridge, and so it fell back on Solarino, where in the meantime had arrived the men of the mobile group D from Misterbianco [16].

The next morning the news came that departments motorized British had already occupied Floridia. On 11 July, in reinforcing the column of the 75th Infantry Battalion was also sent mortaidella division "Napoli" [17] .. At 6, the column stood between Solarino and Floridia, resumed the march to Syracuse, while armored units the British were facing and almost half an hour later, the fighting began. Increasing the pressure English, to avoid being surrounded, Colonel Ronco ordered the retreat on the heights of Cugno Randazzo, who better to lend for the defense.

On July 12, they were made ​​to converge on Floridia some British troops withdrawn from the front of Priolo Gargallo; while other allied troops from Noto and Avola had already crossed Palazzolo, had already arrived at the homes of former fiefdom Melissa (7 km from Solarino) and the column Ronco had to face an opponent on two fronts [18].
At 4 in the morning of July 13, began the final attack enemy infiltration hips were so profound as to threaten the connection between the positions of the infantry and the artillery group, for which the withdrawal was a must.
At around 13 the whole area of Cugno Randazzo was invaded by artillery fire and the Italian reaction was gradually diminishing, until they ceased completely after about two hours [19].
During the later stages of the battle lost his life Lieutenant artillery Antonio Santangelo Fulci, which, nel1949 would be given the gold medal for military valor "for strong evidence of military skill" (Decree Dellacorte Counts of 07 / 09/1949);
while Colonel Ronco who managed to rescue the battle flag of the 75th Infantry Regiment (which is now kept in the shrine of the Vittoriano, in Rome), as well as the few survivors of the same regiment was awarded the silver medal for military valor . [20]

Fifty years since that event, July 13, 1993, [21] in the presence of associations of fighters, veterans solarinesi, civil authorities and a squad of honor Infantry Division Aosta, were laid two wreaths d ' laurel, one at the War Memorial and the other at the foot of an ancient olive tree, Contrada Cugno Randazzo. Also in that location, near the chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel, on the edge of the highway 124, was discovered a plaque that was placed by the City Council, in memory of those events. In the same event, was awarded honorary citizenship in memoriam, to General Francesco Ronco, who died in 1978.

From the Second World War to the present day

The wayfinding anti-racket, the first case in Italy, of a message like that.

Until the end of World War II, Solarino was one of many agricultural countries of the province of Syracuse with a craft just sufficient for local consumption.
This situation lasted until the sixties, when the birth of the petrochemical Syracuse in the stretch of coast between Targia and Augusta, most campaigns were abandoned and Solarino, thanks to its geographical location, equidistant from both the industrial clusters that the capital Province, experienced the phenomenon of immigration with a consequent increase in population, which led him to be, currently, the third largest urban center of the province (after Syracuse and Floridia) for population density (566 inhab. / km²).

Among the eighties and nineties, the whole province of Syracuse was hit by a resurgence of extortion [22] who did not spare even Solarino. [23] Thus, in 1995 was established between the various traders, the Association anti-racket and three years later, he was signed a memorandum of understanding between the association and the City, for the award by the latter of local interior of the City Hall to be used to counter anti-racket. [24] Finally, in 1999, to commemorate the event, the City Council adopted an unprecedented initiative in Italy: [25] at each entrance of the town was affixed to a road sign which reported under the name of the country the word 'common who said no to the racket. "

Another date to remember in recent history solarinese was September 17, 2003. For three days, the province of Syracuse was brought to its knees by a violent flood struck the eastern Sicily, but the most serious damage occurred just Solarino [26]. Only in the first day, they were overwhelmed fifty cars, many buildings suffered collapses, including elementary school and some families had to take refuge on the roofs of the houses because of the high water level "[27].
At the end of the event weather turned damaged 80% of the road network, was destroyed 70% of the drainage system and the water and for days the country remained isolated from neighboring towns, for the unavailability of the bridge and the road to Diddino Syracuse and Palazzolo, and for the interruption of the power line and telephone [28].

Also in 2003, [29] on the basis of incentives prepared by the regional law n. 30/2000 (so-called law Ortisi) has been suggested between the birth of the Union of Municipalities and the nearby Solarino Floridia, at the end of a collective management services (including, municipal police, environment, public transport, school lunch school), subject to the administrative autonomy of the two local authorities.
Assumptions that resulted in 2010 [30], when the municipal councils of the two countries have approved the memorandum and articles of association [31] Union of Municipalities - Monti Climiti.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Administrative data









37 ° 20'0 "N 14 ° 45'0" ECoordinate: 37 ° 20'0 "N 14 ° 45'0" E


200 m asl


57 km²


16 547 [1] (31-12-2010)


290.3 inhab. / Km²

Neighboring Municipalities

Lentini (SR), Militello, Mineo, Ramacca, Scordia

More information

Cod. Postal




Time zone

UTC + 1


087 032

Cod. Cadastral


License plate


Cl. Seismic

zone 2 (medium seismicity)

Local inhabitants



Saint Febronia



Position of the town of Palagonia in the province of Catania

Corporate website

Palagonia (Palagùnia or Palaunia in Sicilian) is a common italianodi 16,429 inhabitants in the province of Catania in Sicily.

In ancient times, the name of the city was "Palica".

Located on the southern edge of the plain of Catania, Palagonia develops about 200 meters above sea level, and is known for its vast citrus groves.


The municipality of Palagonia in the province of Catania

The site has been inhabited since prehistoric times; is proved by the discovery of a Palaeolithic settlement near the present town. Seems chePalikè, near present Palagonia, was founded by Ducezionel 453 BC that made ​​it the capital of his state.

At the time of the Sicilians, Palikéera probably already become an important political and religious center. A Palikè was located a famous shrine. Tradition has it that the gods called Palici, object of veneration by the Sicilians, were born from the sulphurous waters of Lake Naftia of volcanic origin. The temple dedicated to them was probably located on the shores of the lake itself; in the temple rituals were practiced and obscure prophecies. Today the lake, also called mofeta of Palici, not visible because its gas is industrially exploited.

The area is also installed a monitoring station gas flow exhaling from soils of the Etna area, forming part of a network of 10 monitoring stations of the CO2 stream eCH4 and meteorological parameters. The stations are located on the flanks of the volcano and near Mofeta of Palici for the study of geodynamics.

During the Middle Ages the site fell under Norman rule. Count Roger, in 1169, inserted the feud and the territory within the Archdiocese of Syracuse. Belonged between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries to some of the most important aristocratic families of Sicily (Alagona, Ventimiglia, Passaneto, etc.). In 1407 Giacomo Gravina became lord of the manor. From then on the story of the city will be linked to the noble house of Gravina-Cruyllas, until the death of Francesco Paolo Gravina, eighth and last Prince of Palagonia, which occurred in 1854.

Between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century were built some buildings of great architectural value neoclassical and Art Nouveau. Among these are the Palace Bridge in via Umberto, the family's home the distinguished prof. Gaetano Ponte, founder of the first chair in volcanology of Europe, where among other things he had registered a geodynamic observatory; Blandini Palace, overlooking the Piazza Garibaldi, recently renovated to house a small municipal museum; Palazzo Politini Via Duca degli Abruzzi; Blandini Palace (former home of the Ursulines) site plan Barresi, birthplace of the brothers Giovanni and Gaetano Blandini, respectively bishops of Agrigento and Noto.

Monuments and places of interest

The Hermitage of Santa Febronia

The main monument of the city is the Hermitage of Santa Febronia, basilica rock dating from the sixth-seventh century AD located in the district Coste. It is an environment most likely derived from an earlier prehistoric tomb and that through several transformations, was later used as a place of worship. The back wall of the basilica, which houses the apse, on which are painted the Christ Pantocrator, surrounded by an Annunciation and four other figures in the background (dating back to the fifteenth century); the sides of the apse depicts the martyrdom of Saint Febronia and San Bartolomeo, dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth century; while in the wall opposite the entrance are depicted: Saint Lucia, a holy bishop, a praying angel surrounded by a round, St. Agatha, St. Anastasia, and the Fall of these dating from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This wall is made ​​even a second altar with niche suitable to accommodate a likely icon, while the right wall are carved the benches to sit during officiatura rites. Among one of the open windows on the wall perspective and the fresco of Santa Febronia, you can see traces of a fresco removed, depicting St. John the Baptist. At the center of the environment from the floor descend through the steps stone in a "T" in the walls of which are formed the niches with the function of strainers for the bodies of the monks after their death. The process served to mummificarliparzialmente. Another access oratory is constituted by a scale stone on the back.

Every year there is a procession in which the relics of Saint Febronia, patroness of the city nicknamed 'Santuzzaviene reach the hermitage.

The hermitage is located 5 km east of Palagonia, the SS385 leading to Catania.


The hill of the district Rocchicella (now in the territory of Mineo), rises in the Valley of Margi. It is easily accessible from the highway Catania-Gela (SS 417), from the Catania-Caltagirone (SS 385), or from the town of Palagonia, which is just over a kilometer. Site of great historical and archaeological site of human settlement since ancient times (12.000 / 10.000 BC), as well as the center of the mystery cult of the gods Pali (personification of boiling lakes of Naftia). It is mentioned by classical Greek and Latin authors as home to both the famous sanctuary of Palici, that the city of Palikè. To visit the ruins dell'Estaterion and the Museum of the archaeological remains found in the site.

Early Christian Basilica of St. John

It is a unique building which preserves the apse and some columns, dating back to the seventh century AD Many small, it was not suited to contain the faithful, so that we assume the possibility that they would assist from the outside, in religious services. The church had no real side walls but a light curtain archeggiati within which were inserted doors that were opened during services. Some documents of the mid-sixteenth century, inform us of his membership in the Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.

Well Blandini

With the installation of the citrus groves, existing at the end of the sixteenth century, were dug wells to find water needed to cover the needs summer. Around the wells were built structures, such as the well Blandini that with its more than six meters high, dominating the surrounding plain. Outside of the well there was a wit, a "noria", actuated by animals for lifting water.


Feast of the orange to red pulp

Organized in the month of March, stars the main product of the country: the orange red pulp. For the party stands are provided on the product, artistic entertainment and cultural excursions to archaeological sites and exhibitions depicting farm tools and old photographs.

Saint Lucia

Considerable importance, from the citizens, is given to St. Lucia, whose feast day celebration is December 13. Folk traditions are celebrated for the eve, with the traditional fireplace in the streets of the country (Bonfire of Uses) and the preparation of Cuccia.

Holy Week

The centerpiece of the celebration is the veneration of Christ at the Column: Wednesdays, at 4:00 am, takes place the opening of the church Mary Help of Christians, for the exhibition of Christ; in the evening takes place the first part of the procession through the streets of the old town to the Mother Church. The night between Thursday and Friday takes place a prayer vigil in the said church, where, in the late morning of Friday, kicks off the second part of the procession of Christ at the Column to the church Maria Ausiliatrice.Tali processions are accompanied by numerous brothers in white coats and Singers of Popule Meus running the old traditional folk songs. On the evening of Friday procession is held with the statues of the dead Christ and the Addolorata.

Santa Febronia, Patroness of the city

Certainly the most important town recurrence among religious ones. The festivities are held in magna pump every year, from 20 June to 2 July. The focus there is on the evening of June 24, the eve of the festival, with the traditional rite of "Split 'or pignu", ie the commemoration of the holy scenic dell'apoteosi in paradise. On June 25, the liturgical feast of Santa Febronia, in memory of his martyrdom took place in the city of Nisibis (modern Nusaybin) the year 305, is marked by solemn celebrations and processions through the streets, rituals that are repeated on July 2nd, octave of the feast. Particularly striking is the pilgrimage which is held on a day of the octave, at the district Coste, with the relic of the Holy. Complete the program of festivities, shows, cultural and popular events.

Demographic evolution

Population census


The economy of Palagonia is mainly focused on the cultivation and marketing of citrus fruit, mainly oranges, which are exported throughout Europe enjoying considerable appreciation among consumers for the somewhat unique characteristics and organoleptic properties.


Palagonia is crossed by the SS385 that connects with Caltagirone and Catania from which the city is respectively 30 and 52 km. A few miles pass, the Highway 194 Ragusana connecting Ragusa to Catania and the Highway 417 Caltagirone connecting Catania to Gela. Links to various destinations are insured by suburban bus. The railway station of Palagonia is nearly 18 km from the center. Until a few decades ago there was a significant movement of freight trains to transport citrus, today almost completely shipped by truck via road.


  1. ^ Since Istat - Resident population at 31 December 2010.

See also

  • Palikè

  • Ducetius

  • Michael Megna

  • Santa Febronia

Febronia of Nisibis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

(Redirected from Santa Febronia)

Santa Febronia

Martyrdom of S. Febronia - Hermitage rock-Byzantine St. Febronia to "Coasts", Palagonia (CT). Unknown artist of the XV-XVI century.



IV century


IV century


Catholic, Orthodox, Coptic Church


June 25

Santa Febronia (Nisibis, fourth century - Nisibis, fourth century) was a Christian who was martyred in ancient Sibapolis, Nisibis (attualeNusaybin, province of Mardin in southeastern Turkey, on the border with Syria). Is venerated as a saint by Chiesecattolica, Coptic and greek-orthodox.


Martyrdom of S. Febronia - Mother Church Palagonia (CT), unknown author 800

Orphaned at the age of two years he lived his life in one of those Christian communities known, as we refer later to Nisibis St Ephrem the Syrian, with the name "Daughters of the Covenant", born between the mid inMesopotamia III century and the beginning of the fourth century, which was promoted in the city of Nisibis S. Plotinide. Here, under the care of her aunt Brienna and religious Tomaide, grew in virtue and doctrine, and soon became a great spiritual guide for the sisters and the pagan women of the city.

Under the tenth persecution launched by Emperor Diocletian is captured and brought before a judicial Seleno. On 25 June 305, resisting the various enticements, including the one to get married with young Lysimachus, nephew of the judge, and heedless of the various threats, is sentenced almartirio. His is remembered as one of the longest and most deadly martyrdoms suffered by Christians of the time: according to tradition was scourged and subjected to the pains of the fire, scraped with iron combs, the breasts were cut, hands and feet, gouged teeth and was finally beheaded. In 363 the body is brought to Constantinople. Later come to Trani, in Puglia, where up to '700 the saint is venerated in the day June 25 with a motu proprio. Remnants of the body from the town of Trani [1] are a wooden reliquary of the '500 and a painting kept in the Diocesan Museum.


His cult saw a wide spread from East to West, mainly thanks to the monks of the Byzantine rite. It is particularly venerated in southern Italy: in Palagonia (CT), Patti (ME), and Minori (SA), although with variations that would legendary native of Patti and the name of Trofimena (a Minor). [ 2] Although recent studies hagiographic (particularly those of Paul Church and Reginald Gregoire) have clarified the Enigma of Febronie, confirming them all variations of the one and only Sibapoli Febronia of Nisibis, the three locations that revere as Patron continue to debate brightly on the subject; especially Patti and Minor reject the thesis of Santa Nisibena in favor of the oral tradition that the wants of Sicilian origin. A further contribution on the historical origins of this enigmatic Santa is given by the new study by Maria Stelladoro that explores the complex set of issues revolves around the cult that, from the ancient East to the West, particularly in the three cities who venerate her as patron .

Wooden reliquary of St. Febronia, eighteenth century. Diocesan Museum of Trani.

His cult spread in France, imported from Celestine monks, remaining confined in monastic communities (many prior have borne the name, also in various monasteries Italian). In Milan, in Corso Garibaldi there are the remains of the church of Santa Febronia; in the city existed in the '600 monastery entitled to it, as well as an altar at the church of San Protaso. A Romanziol (hamlet. Noventa di Piave) is the old Capital of s. Febronia, according to some scholars dating back to the fourteenth century. A Trani, in Puglia, where in the past was much venerated in the Cathedral existed, until before the work carried out in 1837, a chapel dedicated to her; still preserved in the Diocesan Museum a valuable wooden reliquary of the XVIII century and a painting that testifies before the custody of his distinguished body at the metropolitan church of the city. His relics are preserved, as well as in Palagonia (the thumb of his right hand), Patti (fragments) and Minor (the alleged body), also in Rome, at the church of San Carlo in Catinari (head, therein transferred the ancient Church of St. Paul), [3] while it is also depicted in one of the statues of Bernini's colonnade in St. Peter's Square. A body of Santa Febronia is also reported among the twenty-five holy bodies kept in the church of San Giorgio, a so-called Picture Gallery of the Seven Churches, in Monselice (PD). A community of Sicilians from Patti, emigrated to Hoboken, has also transplanted American city in the worship of the Holy, He built a chapel and by setting up the annual festival, which takes care of the Society of Mutual Aid Pacts and Environment. Meanwhile, a campaign of excavations conducted recently by the American team led by Dr. Michael Fuller, found in the town of Tuneinir (Turkey), in the places of origin of Santa, what is reported as the tomb of Febronia and a marble reliquary to contain a tooth, which is reflected in the story of the Passion.

Is invoked for protection from earthquakes, for the gift of rain, for breast diseases. His attributes are the palm, the cross, the book of the Gospel, sometimes even the pliers or the sword, the latter to recall some stages of martyrdom.

The Roman Martyrology celebrates the liturgical memorial June 25, the date on which is also known by the Coptic Church and the greek orthodox church. The Ethiopian Church venerates as the Cephronia, making memory on June 8. Importantly, once the feast of Santa Febronia fell on 14 February, then converted to Valentine; and the same name as the month of February is derived from februare (purify) with specific reference to the ancient rites that were celebrated first by the Romans in honor of the goddess Febris, and subsequently translated into the Feast of St. Febronia.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.









453 BC







Give excavations



Superintendence of Cultural and Environmental Heritage of Catania



Department of Culture and Sicilian Identity


yes it is


Palikè is an Italian archaeological site. The archaeological site is located in the resort Rocchicella, on a spur basalt near the river valley Margi, near Palagonia, which is about 1 km, although the beginning of the last century it was annexed to the territory of the municipality of Mineo. The region has recently acquired the area to open it to the public, also creating a display area to exhibit the finds from the excavations.

The news on the ancient city are uncertain: it speaks Diodorus saying that was refounded by Ducezio in 453 BC The city was founded on the height of Palikè overlooking the plain where was the ancient sanctuary of Palici, indigenous deities soon entered in greek pantheon. According to many historians today originates from the ancient Palikè Palagonia, whose name would mean precisely "Palica Nea" ie the New Palica. Since 1995 some excavations of the Superintendence of Cultural and Environmental Heritage of Catania have identified, in front of the cave that opens at the foot of the rise, the presence of a series of archaeological layers that come from the Mesolithic to 'Swabian age. Archaic age dating of the oldest structures that can be attributed to the sanctuary of Palici which is being rebuilt with monumental structures such as porches and banquet hall in the fifth century BC, probably thanks to the initiative of Ducezio, Sicilian boss that would set its place of Alloy Sicilian town just at the shrine of Palici. According to the myth greek gods Palici would be born from the union of Zeus with the nymph Talia: the temple would be built on the banks of the pond mephitic, where they carried out certain rites by which the priests performed divination and ordeals. Today the pond Naftia not visible and its gases are exploited industrially.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Palici are a pair of chthonic deities Sicilian Roman mythology and to a lesser extent in Greek mythology. Are mentioned in Ovid's Metamorphoses V, and 406 in Virgil [1] (the latter speaks both of a temple near the river Simeto Palici dedicated to both the nearby forest of Mars where the Sicilian Arcente trained in the weapons son). Their cult is centered around two small lakes that emitted sulfur vapors near Palagonia and were associated with the geysers and the underworld. Next to the shrine dedicated to the ponds existed Palici, where it was founded the Sicilian city of Palikè. In the sanctuary were practicing the oath ordalico, the oracle and Asylum. The oath was happening around the cavity from which flowed water jets. There, you could make contact with the gods provided the arraigned respected ritual. The swearing approached the cavity and pronounced the oath, inscribed on a tablet, which was thrown into the water, if not floated the man was considered perjury and punishable by death or blindness. The oracle indicated the gods and the kind of sacrifice necessary to obtain the favor. Inside the sanctuary could find refuge slaves abused by cruel masters. The latter could not take away by force their servants, until they have secured with an oath to Palici treating them humanely. The origin of the mythology is not certain; a legend makes Palici sons Zeus, or probably of Hephaestus, with the nymph Etna or Talia, but others argue that Palici were sons of the god Sicilian Adranos. The cult, in addition to the god Adranos, is connected with that of the goddess Hyblaia. The myth of Palici is told in the Women of Etna Aeschylus of which a few fragments remain.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


The Cathedral Church of St. Joseph

Administrative data









36 ° 49'00 "N 14 ° 57'00" ECoordinate: 36 ° 49'00 "N 14 ° 57'00" E (Map)


154 m asl


76.15 km²


21 757 [1] (30-04-2012)


285.71 inhab. / Km²

Neighboring Municipalities

Ragusa, Ispica (RG), Modica (RG), Noto

More information

Cod. Postal




Time zone

UTC + 1

ISTAT code

089 016

Cod. Cadastral


License plate


Cl. Seismic

zone 2 (medium seismicity)

Local inhabitants



St. Aloysius Gonzaga

Public holiday

first Sunday of August


Position of the town of Rosolini in the province of Syracuse

Corporate website

Rosolini (Rusalini in Sicilian) is an Italian town of 21,757 inhabitants [2] of the province of Syracuse, located in the south-eastern Sicily.


Rosolini is 49 miles from Syracuse, and is located in the southwestern part of the province. Located at the foot of the mountains Iblei and straddles the provinces of Siracusa and Ragusa. Of the town, which is mainly an agricultural center, is the oldest part of the town, built in the early sixteenth century, which is to mark the nineteenth century. Little remains of the original nucleus of the center. Rosolini however, is full of caves and ancient archaeological sites before the greek-Roman domination.

The northern part of the municipality of Rosolini is separate from the main building and is in turn divided into two parts, united only by a road. This is due to the legacy of the ancient boundaries between the barons of the Val di Noto.


The coat of arms of the city of Rosolini depicts an eagle with spread wings with claws hooked and lying, surmounted by a crown fashioned of gold, with the shield of the coat of arms of the principles Moncada-Paternò on the chest and with a strip containing the foot the words "Universitas Rosolinorum Regi benefit" on a blue background.

The mythological legends ascribe a direct descent from the god Vulcan, whose son, escaped from Etna, founded the city. The vicissitudes of history instead speak of families Platamone, Moncada, Asmundo, Paterno. Regarding the name, this would be a mixture of languages ​​of the people who succeeded to the domination of Sicily, which apparently started by the Greeks who called this land with the name of "Eloro", have given inspiration to the Romans who renamed it the "Rus Elorinum" Rosolini from here. It is more reliable and realistic instead of the name "Rusalini" as it is said in dialect, is of Arabic origin as indeed all the districts in the area. In fact, when the Arabs conquered Sicily found a Byzantine Empire in complete decay and it was not difficult for them to settle peacefully in the area bringing the benefits of their culture. Especially not stravolsero local traditions, calling what was to be the place of Christian worship in the area more important, in the literal translation of the Arabic. In fact, the ancient settlement that the Arabs found was located (and still exists) a Christian basilica carved into the rock where they worshiped a cross. So the Arabs respecting the local tradition did nothing but call in their language and that is what they found: "Rus Salib'ni" in Italian literally translates to "The Cave of the cross." (See "On the origin of the name Rosolini "Carmela and Ottaviano Perricone, published by Pro-Loco in 1992) To confirm the Arabic origin of the name" Rusalini "is to keep in mind that all the districts in the area have so far names (although crippled centuries) Arab type "Nar Balata" (water area) "twill rinnici" (channel built by the Arabs to reclaim the entire wetland area of ​​the district) "Ranati", "Stafenna", "Gisira", "reindeer" and many other districts that Arabs identified and colonized in their settlement in the area. So do not understand why the main quarter "Rusalini" should get out of this logic and take the name from an unidentified settlement greek ("Eloro") where the suffix "Rus" and non-existent archaeological evidence will frustrate this attempt of interpretation. So it is to be considered more truthful than the name of the city is of Arab origin.

Honorary citizens

Are "Honorary Citizen" of Rosolini: St. Aloysius Gonzaga (protector of the city), St. Joseph, I fell Nassyria (The monument is located in Piazza Giovanni Paolo II - Green Valley), Father Roberto Masinda (originally from Congo), Nicholas Mannino (founder and president of the Parliament of Legality).


From "maccu re honeycombs" who ate the ancient Greeks, the "capunatina" of Arab origin, the "tummali" of Spanish food specialties typical rosolinesi denote the origins of the population that has composite formation and also reveal the fundamental basis from which .

Remember briefly some typical specialties many of which today's young people do not know, often dishes that are found in other parts of the island, but that in each area have a "quid" that characterizes them, such as garlic, onion , vinegar, lemon, oregano, nutmeg, brandy, and that makes it a culinary product typical of the country itself.

Still in the childhood memories of many people there are some women, the so-called "house of nuns", who prepared the wedding lunches, dinners of mourning, "cunsuli", or sweets for the festive period, the so-called sweet of Ripon that were of exquisite workmanship and inimitable.

Some of their recipes continue to be prepared for which the traditional flavors are found intact in the dishes that we give the basic ingredients. Soups meat dishes side dishes, cakes, sweets and so integrate the modern kitchen of the place. Among the soups are: "u 'ncucciatieddu" consists frustoletti of durum wheat pasta cooked in a blend of ricotta, water and bits of pumpkin boiled water; "Paste ca muddica", pasta with breadcrumbs brustolita, oil, garlic, pecorino cheese; "Ravioli", in square panels wheat pasta stuffed with ricotta cheese, eggs and marjoram, served with sauce of pork or veal, and finally, "the maccarruna and cavatieddi" dough into small pieces empty inside because they worked with a wire dry grain ("usu"), or with a knitting needle "gouged" with your fingers, then topped with a sauce of pork, sprinkled with ricotta and baked.

Among the vegetable soups include: "the honeycombs' nzincaredda", broad beans, peeled and cooked in water tank dress with oil and salt and that is accompanied with raw onion; "U maccu lurdu", always beans cooked with chick peas, beans, lentils and pork lard. The latter was the popular dish typical of Shrove Tuesday and, finally, "the lolli no maccu", rolls of dough mixed with "maccu" made with beans peeled reduced cream.

Among the meat dishes as well "or farsumauru" and "or iaddu to gna minicoria", is particularly tasty "to gnieddu eu ciaurieddu 'nfurnatu". This continues to be one of the most common dishes as the entire territory of Rosolini and its area of ​​influence, albeit not the most prevalently used to sheep as in the past, yet allow sheep and goats. Remember then "u pisciruovu to rosalinara", sort of omelets made from egg, fried copolletta, parsley, pepper and wild asparagus, cooked and mixed with cottage cheese.

The tradition of preparing buns did not suffer any interruption and still occupies a prominent place in the local cuisine: so we 'to' mpanata ", pasta stacked discs filled with broccoli, salt cod or eels in the Christmas period, meat lamb at Easter and fired; then again "in nfigghiulata" disk of dough with rolling pin stretch ("lasagnaturi"), stuffed with ricotta cheese blended with eggs, salt, and pieces of sausage, folded into three parts and fired after having approached the edges; Finally "in Cucca" strip of dough with rolling pin stretch, stuffed with chunks of cheese and sausage and baked, after it rolled.

Among the desserts include "the gravazzati" strip of dough with rolling pin stretch and stuffed with a blend of ricotta, chocolate chips and powdered sugar; "Meals fuorti" amalgam of flour, sugar and egg white; "Ramuzzi the" sweet prepared with mixture of flour and honey "SATRA"; "Mustazzola the" amalgam of flour and cooked wine; "Urchins re miennila", sweet almond, whose seeds peeled and finely shredded blend in egg white and sugar, offer one more reason for foodies to come Rosolini where they can enjoy the various bakeries that produce them.


The town's name seems to derive from the Latin Rus Elorinum, which indicated the territory of Eloro, ancient colony of Syracuse sec. VII BC or more probably from the Arabic "Rus Salib'ni" literal translation of "Cave of the cross", referring to the Arabs (who colonized the entire area for centuries) to the Byzantine basilica carved into the rock and located in the old settlement of the City. It belonged to the family from Platamone sec. XV with the title of barony, but the town was founded by Francesco Moncada Prince of Lardaria only in 1713, after having had the estate by inheritance from his wife Eleonora Platamone. Of particular relevance are the architectural Platamone Castle, built in 1668che preserves an early Christian basilica of the century. V and the Mother Church, built between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. There are also interesting archaeological remains of Cava Lazzaro, which preserves the necropolis of the Bronze Age.
Up to 1712 Rosolini was one of the ninety-feuds of the vast territory of Noto.

In 2010 was established by the City Council award "Rosolini - Carob Gold" that is assigned, by a special Honorary Committee, citizens rosolinesi that stand in the arts, culture, science and social carrying the prestige of Rosolini. In 2010 the prize was awarded to Daniel Sipione (Chancellor of the lepers, founder of the nonprofit "Our friends lepers"), in 2011 Dr. Ottavio Arancio (Associate of Pathology and Cell Biology at Columbia University, who is interested in studies on Alzheimer's disease), in 2012 to spouses Caterina and Giorgio Calabrese (scholars dietary).



Many were the radios born in Rosolini. Currently the only Radio which broadcasts from the city is Ram Radio (Radio Auditions Mediterranean). The issuer is established between the end of October 1976 for the tests, but begins to actively transmit from January 26, 1977, the date of enrollment to the court in Syracuse. Many were the well-known personalities who have passed on Radio Ram, including Luigi Meli and Luigi Perricone (former director). The current directors are Joseph Moncada (owner and founder) and Giuseppe Lorefice (director of Radio Newspaper).

In the past have featured other issuers:

  • Radio Centre Rosolini

  • We Radio

  • We Radio 2

  • ROM Radio Waves Music

  • RGR Radio Gallo Rosolini

  • Radio Eloro

  • Radio Channel 3


The March 14, 1985 was born the Corriere Elorino, a fortnightly magazine founded by Luigi Perricone.


  • St. Louis - Feast of the Patron Saint. It occurs on the first Sunday of August;

  • San Giuseppe. The feast of St. Joseph is celebrated on the first Sunday after March 19. One of the features of the festival is the classic Ride votive that you make for some years in Via Sipione (from a few years moved in Via Manzoni);

  • Parade votive St. Joseph of the association "Friends for 500";

  • Friday procession with the "Holy Thorn", the "Christ at the Column", the "Canaletto" and "Sorrows";

  • Peace - Historical religious procession on Easter Sunday;

  • Feast of the Holy Cross;

  • "Feast of Mercy" - the following Sunday June 5;

  • "Palio del Grano" - May;

  • "Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary" - in June. Procession of the statue of the Virgin Mary through the streets of the parish;

  • "Šikula Reggae Festival" - in August;

  • "September Elorino" - September;

  • "Festival of Carob" - September;

  • "Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus" - September;

  • "Mosto Festival" - first Sunday in October;

  • "Befana nerazzura - feast of charity and solidarity" - January;

  • "Bike Rally" - 1 May;

  • "Summer in Rosolini" - from July to September;

Language and dialect

A Rosolini is commonly spoken language of Sicily, in the variant part of metafonica southeastern used straddling the provinces of Siracusa and Ragusa, which differs in some ways from the traditional Sicilian language. The main difference with regard to the phonetic is the failure to use than the rest of the main spoken of the letter H in many words. Ex. A "keys" becomes "Ciavi", "more to call" becomes "Ciamari", "Acchianari" - "Accianari", etc. Another characteristic feature is the use of the letter "r" in place of "d" in many words such as "to" become "re", "Duman" becomes "Romanians". Last feature is the change of the classic sound "ggh" which is pronounced "ddj" es. "Buttigghia" is pronounced "buttiddja", "pigghiari" becomes "piddjari" and so on. There is also a phenomenon seen only in the towns of Rosolini, Ispica and Pachino: the pronunciation of the "c" before a vowel tends to be pronounced like a "g" instead of "ski" as in the rest of Sicily. Es. "Bicycle" is pronounced "bigicletta" instead of "biscicletta".

Monuments and places of interest

The Hermitage of the Holy Cross

  • Mother Church St. Joseph, where they keep the jaw of San Luigi Gonzaga [3]

  • Church of St. Francis

  • Church of St. Catherine

  • Church of the Holy Cross

  • Sanctuary of the Sacred Heart

  • Fountain of the Tritons

  • Madonnina seventeenth

  • Basilica hypogeic

  • Castle Platamone

  • Hermitage of the Holy Cross

  • Cava Lazzaro

  • Madonna of Good Counsel


  • Rosolini is located on the route of Highway 115 South West Sicula ranging from Syracuse to Trapani.

  • Since 2008 Rosolini is also served by the A18 Siracusa - Gela which currently ends just in Rosolini.

  • The train station Rosolini is located on the southern outskirts of the town and is part of the railway line Siracusa-Gela-Canicattì.


  • ASD Rosolini, football team that plays in the league of Excellence;

  • ASD Expert Rosolini, football team that plays in a 5 regional championship series C2;

  • ASD Rosolini CorAnt basketball.

  • ASD Cycling Rosolini amateur cycling team President Caschetto Ignatius


Population census [4]


(Updated 2007)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Administrative data









37 ° 6'0 "N 15 ° 7'0" ECoordinate: 37 ° 6'0 "N 15 ° 7'0" E (Map)


165 m asl


13.01 km²


7820 [1] (31-12-2010)


601.08 inhab. / Km²

Neighboring Municipalities

Floridia, Acreide Palazzolo, Priolo Gargallo, Syracuse, Sortino

More information

Cod. Postal




Time zone

UTC + 1


089 018

Cod. Cadastral


License plate


Cl. Seismic

zone 2 (medium seismicity)

Cl. climate

Area C, 966 GG [2]

Local inhabitants



St. Paul the Apostle

Public holiday

25 January and the first Sunday in August



Position of the town of Solarino in the Syracuse area

Corporate website

Solarino (San Paulu in Sicilian) is an Italian town of 7,782 inhabitants [3] of the province of Syracuse in Sicily.

It is located in the hinterland of Syracuse, 17 km to the northwest delcapoluogo. It is the smallest municipality, by extension, of the province, but at the same time it is also the third largest town in the province by population density, after Floridia and Siracusa.

Its importance, within the province, mainly from the processing of agricultural products. In common, in fact, converge annually, is largely of olive production in the area for the milling, is a quantity of almonds approximately 65,000 quintalipari 80% of the Sicilian production. [4]

Physical Geography

The town of Solarino is located on a hilly slope between 190 and 145 m above sea level; the town hall is located 165 meters above sea level, so this is the official altitude of the town. [5]

The territory stretches over a hilly area called Val d'Anapo, [6] extreme eastern foothill of the Iblei Mountains that slope towards the plain of Syracuse, which is bounded by physical boundaries: the quarries and Cirino Spampinato Culatrello-southwest ; the slope of the valley dell'Anapo north-east; diFloridia the Plain to the southeast. For this reason, the altitude is variable: it goes from a minimum of 120 meters, in the district Macchiotta to a maximum of 390 meters, in the locality of Trigona, with an excursion altitude of 270 meters. [7]

The appearance of the agro solarinese is characterized by Mediterranean scrub and olive groves of the hilly and dagliagrumeti the plain below. Also prevalent almond trees, prickly pears carrubie most often placed on the property boundaries of the same citrus groves.


To learn more, see the entry Meteorological Station of Syracuse.

The climate is temperate Mediterranean type, is characterized by mild winters and hot enough and not much different in the detection of values, from the provincial capital. The temperature reaches the highest values ​​in the months of August luglioe (37 ° C on average, but with peaks above 40 ° C) and the lowest in the months of December and February (which rarely reach 0 ° C), while the annual average is around 18 degrees Celsius. The wettest months sonoottobre and November, the driest, July and August. Are sketchy phenomena of fog and hail, as well as the days characterized by strong winds, which in winter, mostly coming from the west, while in summer and inautunno blow mostly from the northeast; rare snowfall. [8]

Concerning the Climate classification, introduced by Presidential Decree no. 412 of 26 August 1993, the City is part of the so-called Area C, having a heat requirement of 966 GG.

Solarino no weather stations. A rough indication, however, is provided mainly by data collected from the Syracuse station located a few kilometers from the territory solarinese:















Maximum average temperature (° C)














Average minimum temperature (° C)














Rainfall (mm)















Hydroelectric plant dell'Anapo.
The containment basin bottom, near Solarino.

The district is considered a medium-high seismicity zone (zone 2) pursuant to Ordinance No. PCM. 3274 of 20/03/2003, which established the seismic classification of Italian municipalities.

The reason lithological predominant in the territory is characterized by sediments calcarenitibiancastri - well combined - which on the surface appear discreetly altered and engraved by valleys where small streams run dry for most of the year. These sediments were referred by the geological literature "training Monti Climiti" refers Oligocene-Miocene. [9] The rock outcropping of limestone, which constitutes more than half of the territory, does not have a uniform structure, being in some places and compact in others, quite friable, thus giving rise to subterranean formations, such as the Cave of the Fan. The remainder is made up darocce clastic sedimentary breccias as conchiliari dating back to the Quaternary and Pliocene limestones sandy, clayey sandstones econglomerati few meters thick.

From the point of view of soil, land solarinesi formed by the decomposition of the rock outcropping pHleggermente have a basic and a reddish color caused by the presence of iron hydroxide alkaline deicalcari own environment that favors the formation of hematite; while those of alluvial have a color ranging from brown to red to dark yellow. [10]

As for the hydrography, land solarinese falls in the basin of the river Anapo that, just a few kilometers from the town, was conveyed in two artificial reservoirs, in order to harness the kinetic energy of the water supply by the same name for produrreenergia center. [11]


Main article: History of the voice Solarino.

The history of the origins of Solarino is shrouded in mystery and is often the boundary between reality and legend, because of unincendio that in 1944 destroyed the town archives, making it somewhat difficult historical reconstruction. Although there are many archaeological evidence of human presence in today's municipal area, since prehistoric times, [12] the foundation of the first settlement occurred only in the eighteenth century [13] at the hands of the Prince of Pantelleria Giuseppe Antonio Requisenz. [14]

The earliest records of Solarino, however, date back to the thirteenth century, when it is counted as a baronial feud in the role of feudal lords from De Spucches. [15] Until then, the story tends to be confused with the tradition that sees the preaching of St. Paul solarinesi lands, during the stop of the three days it took to Syracuse in the year 61. [16]

Key dates in the history solarinese, in addition to the April 25, 1760, granting the licentia populandi and, therefore, the foundation of the first settlement, are December 20, 1827, the day when King Francis I, granted to "Comunello 'San Paolo Solarino l 'administrative autonomy, [17] and July 13, 1943, when in the countryside around the country, after three days of fighting, ended one of the bloodiest battles of World War II in the Syracuse area, known as the Battle of Solarino. [18 ]

The first coat of arms in force from 1827 to 1920, which shows the ancient name of the City "San Paolo Solarino".

Place name

The meaning of the name is unclear Solarino. According to a thesis, [19] could come from the Sicilian sularinu, which means "lonely", perhaps because it refers to the church that was originally isolated from the first settlement; according to other authors, [20] [21] however, the name is of Latin origin derives from the word solaris or solarium which means "sunny", referring to the geographical position of the territory. A foundation and confirmation of this theory, the authors pose the feedback with the name of one of the districts of Solarino, Soliardo, from Latin solis (= sun) ardeo (= burn, inflamed, I shine), or "burn or I shine for sun ", and then" sunny place ". [22]

Solarino, however, has not always been the name of the town in question. During the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in fact, the official name of the country was "City of San Paolo Solarino," and so even under the Kingdom of Italy, at least until September 9, 1920, when in official acts preparatory to the municipal elections of next October, popped up for the first time the words "City Hall Solarino". Only in 1922, after nearly a century of municipal autonomy was introduced municipal seal with the inscription "City of Solarino", the current name of the country. The reference to St. Paul, however, was not entirely random. [23] In fact, during the journey in 60 AD, from Cilicia took him to Rome, the Apostle of the Gentiles, who arrived in 61 AD in Syracuse stayed there for three days. [24] According to local tradition, during this stop, despite the custody militaris which he was subjected, [25] the Holy also visited the oppidum this area Cozzo Collura, [26] near present Solarino, where - it is said - he miraculously gush of water, after beating the ground with his foot; in fact, at that place were found archaeological finds related to the Roman period that goes from the second to the fourth century including the remains of an early Christian church and a well, which is why, even today, the site in question is called by the inhabitants the place Puzzu 'the San Paulu (Pozzo di San Paolo). [27]

As for the change of name of the municipality, from San Paolo in Solarino Solarino, although there is no official explanation, according to the scholar P. Serafino M. Gozzo [28] This event is related to the political will of the mayor at the time, Carmelo Lamonica, to secularize institutions, eliminating the reference to the religious figure of the saint by the name of the municipality. Just the same Gozzo, with a request filed September 23, 1978, became the promoter of a popular initiative should be restored because the original name of St. Paul Solarino, his request, however, had no follow-up by the administration of the time , although it was supported by more than two thousand signatures of residents. [29] The name of the Apostle of Tarsus, however, is not lost, but continues to exist even today in the dialect name of the country, in fact: San Paulu and the resulting name its inhabitants called sampalísi (= "Sampaolesi") [30] or even paliddi (literally "Pauline").


To learn more, see the entry Coat of Solarino.

Gonfalon Municipal

The current coat of arms dates back to the twenties and was granted by Vittorio Emanuele IIIcon Royal Decree of 19 September 1921. It is a shield surrounded by two branches: a laurel and oak and surmounted by a mural crown of the City, whose heraldic description is the following: "azure, three ears of wheat, with the rising sun and beaming at Canton right of the shield, all of gold." [31]

The banner looks Party yellow and azure, charged with the coat of arms and the inscription centered in gold, bearing the name of the City. Was granted only in the eighties with the Decree of the President of the Republic, on the basis of the Board resolution No. 19 of 14 May 1983. [32]

Monuments and places of interest

Mother Church St. Paul the Apostle.

The main sights of Solarino are undoubtedly those related to tradition and to the cult of the patron, the so-called Pauline sites, namely the Pozzo di San Paolo, the Grotto of St. Paul and the remains of the Church of San Paoloche are in Cozzo Collura, as well as the Church madredel own country entitled to the Apostle of Tarsus.

Within the city center, then, in addition to the palaces, and the same Mother Church, all buildings dating back to the eighteenth century, are to be reported and the War Memorial Hospital Vasquez built in the twenties and the recent Peace Monument.

Near the village, however, worthy of note along with the aforementioned excavations Cozzo Collura, are the archaeological area of ​​Contrada San Demetrio, the necropolis of Cava del Rivettazzo and the hydroelectric plant dell'Anapo.

Below, the description [33] of the places of interest.

Places of worship

  • Mother Church St. Paul the Apostle, located on the southwestern side of the main town square (Piazza del Plebiscito), dates from the second half of the eighteenth century, but its completion it was only after more than a hundred years, in 1887. [34]

  • Church Our Lady of Tears, built in 1966 and consecrated ten years later, is located in Via Matteotti, n. 97 in the district of the Station, in the northeastern part of the country. [35]


Palazzo Requisenz.

  • Requisenz Palace (XVIII century), was the first building of the town, is located in Piazza del Plebiscito, almost opposite the Town Hall and is the only example of Catalan art still present in Sicily. In 1993, following the Decree the Office for Cultural Heritage and environmental dellaRegione Sicilian n. Of 27 March 5732, this building was granted protection under the Law n. 1089 of 1939, that is, its elevation to a national monument of historical and artistic interest. [36]

  • Palace of the Counts Mezio, is located in Piazza del Plebiscito. Dating back to the eighteenth century, since 1927 is the current town hall, after it had already been purchased by the city in 1897, as a result of the economic failure of the original owners. Subsequently, in the wing of the building overlooking the Corso Vittorio Emanuele, is housed the headquarters of the local police station, while the one that overlooks Via Garibaldi is the hospitality of the City unicoufficio post.

  • Sipala Palace (eighteenth century), is located along the Corso Vittorio Emanuele and inside it was converted into a bed and breakfast accommodation.

  • Hospital Vasquez, colonial-style building built in the twenties, is located in Via Piave, on the southern outskirts of the village. Built as a health post, according to the intention of the donor of the building, due to various political vicissitudes and paperwork was never used as such. [37]

    Hospital Vasquez.

  • Monument to the Fallen in war, wanted by Mayor Salvatore Cianci, in 1927, is located on the northeast side of the Piazza del Plebiscito. In April of 2007, has undergone restoration work, part of the larger process of urban renewal that has affected the square on which it stands, for the installation of spotlights for lighting autonomous and iron balusters line the perimeter. [38]

  • Peace Monument, built in 1990 following the project by the artist Francesco Caldarella, represents a stylized winged Mercury and is positioned at the entrance to the south-east of the country, in the wide Gandhi. [39]

  • Monument in memory of the Battle of Solarino, is located between the towns Cugno Randazzo and Zaiera (area Madonna or Cava Campieri), left margin - leaving Solarino - SS 124, towards Palazzolo Acreide, near the Km 102 and consists in a memorial plaque placed in 1993 on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the aforementioned battle, which took place from 11 to 13 July 1943. [40]

  • Quarry Rivettazzo, is a necropolis Paleolithic located about 4 km north of the town, along the road that leads to Sortino. Its importance lies in the fact that, despite its small size, it is the only site that testifies to all stages of the Sicilian civilization. [41]

    Quarry Rivettazzo.

  • Contrada San Demetrio, is a place that is not far from Cozzo Collura and in which were found the remains of a settlement dating back to periodotardo Roman - Byzantine.

  • Cozzo Collura, is a rural area that is located about 2 km east of the town; of particular note are the namesakes excavations, dating back to two different historical periods, IV - III century BC and II - IV century AD, testimony of the first settlement of the area solarinese. [12]

Natural places

  • Fan Cave, is an underground natural that lies beneath Via Dante. Discovered by chance at the end of the eighties during some excavation work, [42] is currently the site is closed to the public because of the location, as located in a city street just 50 cm - one meter at most - from the road surface. [ 43]

  • Park "Robinson - Blessed Mary Crucified Curcio", is located in Via Palermo, in front of the Villa Comunale. Inside are installed games for children (swings, roundabouts, slides) and a wooden tribune, installed in 2000, replacing the "labyrinth" where the park was originally named for (Park of the labyrinth). [44] In 2006 was dedicated to the Blessed Mary Crucified Curcio.

Cozzo Collura, Pozzo di San Paolo.

  • Urban Park "Maria Grazia Cutuli", designed in 2000, [45] is located in the northeast of the country, at the end of Via Ruggero Settimo and covers an area of ​​6060 square meters. its area is bounded by stone walls and a wooden fence and includes walking trails, paths, parking areas and playgrounds for children. On 20 December 2001 he was named in memory of journalist cataneseuccisa a month earlier, in an attack inAfghanistan. [46]

  • Villa Comunale, established in 1973, was closed to the public from 1985 to 1997 due to the protracted reconstruction works and the lack of staff to look after the property. Extended on just over 1,300 square meters, is located in Via Palermo, near the Hospital Vasquez and spread over various levels, because of the shape of the hilly terrain. The levels are put into communication with each other through a series of stairs and boardwalks. Inside you will find a pine forest, a grove of cedars, beech and acacia trees and a rock garden. [47]

  • Lower basin of Central dell'Anapo, is located about 4 km (2 crow flies) north of the town, along the Provincial Road 76 near the bridge Diddino. Located at about 84 m above sea level, has an area of ​​460 km² and a height of 30 meters with a capacity of 7 million cubic meters of water. [48] Since 2002, Enel, which operates the central object as part of the event stations open, is organizing a series of events, including races jet skis, [49] guided visits to the plant and theoretical and practical lessons of canoe / kayak, [50] which led, in 2003 to the signing of the agreement between the manager and the municipalities of electric Floridia, Priolo Gargallo, Solarino and Sortino for the establishment of the "Centro Nautico of Anapo", whose coordination sport was entrusted to Davide Tizzano, Olympic champion in rowing in Seoul 88 and Barcelona 1992. [51]


Demographic evolution

The inhabitants of the first settlement formed inside the feud "Solarino" in the eighteenth century, were mostly farmers from the nearby village of the Well of the Church and from the farm Trigona; to these, were added the displaced of Syracuse, Noto, and Canicattini Bagni who survived the earthquake of Val di Noto in 1693. The first demographic data of the town (then fraction of Syracuse) date back to 1766, when the Land of St. Paul in fief of Solarino counted 235 inhabitants, the number nearly tripled after little more than two decades, thanks to the presence of settlers who were brought as well as various places of Sicily, also from Genovesato, [52] from the Piedmont, Malta ("Terrae Melitae habitatores »), homeboy ('Maronitii") and the Castelli Romani ("Terrae Collium prope Romam habitatores'), as can be seen dalRegistro Parish Baptisms of the Mother Church. [53]

At the beginning of the twentieth century, Solarino, was affected by a considerable rate of emigration, especially to the United States of America and Australia, where many communities sprang solarinesi (New Britain, Connecticut, in Paterson [54] in New Jersey and in the suburb of Melbourne, Moreland, in Australia) but also to Latin America, Central Europe (Switzerland and Germany) and regions of northern Italy. [55] This bleeding was not able to be balanced either by immigration of 4,000 refugees arrived in Friuli Syracuse in November 1917 because of the First World War - most of whom settled in this very commonly [56] and lasted until the until the sixties.

Following the economic boom and the birth of the petrochemical Syracuse in the stretch of coast between Targia and Augusta, most campaigns were abandoned and Solarino, thanks to its geographical location - equidistant from both the industrial clusters that the provincial capital - knew immigration resulting in an increase in population, which led him to be, currently, the third largest urban center of the province (after Syracuse and Floridia) for population density (566 inhab. / km²). Population census

Ethnic minorities and foreign

As at 31 December 2007 in Solarino are residents 169 foreign citizens, equal to 2.26% of the population. [57] The national communities are more numerous:

  • Romania - 60

  • Poland - 47

  • Albania - 18

Dialect solarinese

The dialect (or rather: the vernacular) solarinese - Sicilian: parrata sampalisa - is part of the Sicilian language, and specifically pertains to the "dialect metafonetico Eastern Europe." It, however, has some peculiarities, [58] especially in phonetics, which differentiate it from this type of dialects, and especially those of neighboring municipalities (Floridia and Syracuse): [59]

    degeminazione double occlusive retroflex sound [dd], [60] to which the words Iddu (= he, him), nuddu (= none), cavaddu (= horse) in Sicilian are pronounced ['iɖɖu], [' nuɖɖu] and [ka'vaːɖɖu] in solarinese become idu, nudu and cavadu (['iɖu], [' nuɖu] and [ka'vaːɖu]).

  1. failure retroflexion of voiceless alveolar plosive [t] in the pronunciation of the links <tr> and <str>, then, the words tri (= three) and strata (= road), which are pronounced in Sicilian respectively ['ʈɽi] and [ 'ʂɽaːta], with a sound similar to English words and street tree, in solarinese, will maintain the sound that they would in the Italian language, that is, [' tri] and ['Strata].

The reason for this difference, perhaps, is to trace the origin of the original composite settlement of the country, which saw the presence not only of Sicily (canicattinesi, netini, Syracuse) but also of the Maltese, Liguria and Piedmont. [61] However, with the advent of mass literacy and the increasing economic and cultural relations with the neighboring country of Floridia and with the capital, such diversity now last only in the range of older population. Therefore, the dialect spoken by Solarinesi currently is similar to that Floridians and Syracuse.

Folklore: the ciarauli

According to a local tradition (also widespread in the nearby town of Palazzolo Acreide), all those who are born on the night of January 25, the date of the conversion of Saint Paul, having the quality miraculous - given to them by the Holy - to be able to heal from snake bites or from "passiature" (erythema contact caused by poisonous reptiles or other animals, such as scorpions and tarantulas). According to the legend, San Paolo is the protector against the reptiles. [62] This belief, starts from the episode described by St. Luke in the Acts of the Apostles [63] regarding the bite procured to Paul in the island of Malta, by a viper that, to the amazement of those present, produced no result. These people are called "ciarauli" (from the greek κεραυλής "keraulés", that horn players, since the first and oldest ciarauli during healing, they used to use of musical instruments). The ciaràulu "or ciaràula", therefore, are individuals who may belong to any social class, since the "title" is acquired exclusively for diem natalem and whose hallmark excrescence under the tongue called the "mark of the spider ". [30] However, the simple birth and l '" footprint "are not in themselves to make bastevoli BECOME ciàraulu a person, but you need to follow a real training process [16], which starts at around seven or eight years . When you reach that age, "marked" can learn the formulas scongiuratorie (ciarmi) by another ciaràulu, but only in the church, and only on Christmas Eve during the consecration of the Eucharist, or the formulas will lose effectiveness.

The healing modalities, completely abandoned the use of musical instruments, is the following: the ciaràulu, fasting, analyzes the painful part and judges the type of bite, makes the sign of the cross, wets the part with his own saliva, therefore, makes a gentle massage, mentally repeating the spell ("ciarmu"). This operation (to be done in the morning and evening, for three days) is repeated three times, and concludes with a sign of the cross. In previous centuries this popular belief assigned to "ciarauli" extraordinary abilities so much that many were to take a pilgrimage to Solarino), [64] to fulfill a vow of thanks to the Holy One who had brought them heal from a bite or reptile another poisonous animal.

Since 2010, the ciarauli was dedicated a special event called Kerayles fest, included as part of the festivities in honor of the patron, alternating lectures, musical and choreographic. [65]


At present, the cultural manifestations of the most commonly encountered concern the promotion of the territory, of the popular and religious traditions and food and wine.

Despite the absence of special spaces such as theaters and cinemas, are frequent representations teatraliche they are played in the streets of the town - especially in summer - thanks to the initiative of some associations and local theater companies. Even the music industry is very active, with the presence of several groups, such as Qbeta, which however are not a few difficulties to express themselves lacking adequate space and investments in the sector. Sporadic, however, the exhibitions of painting, photography and sculpture and literary meetings scenarios they see as the assembly room "Falcone and Borsellino", the religious institution "Cenacolo Dominican" or the former Hospital Vasquez, given the lack exhibition spaces ad hoc.


In the city center there are three private museum spaces: one of naturalistic, another female on handicraft production, and the third, of character etnoantropologico. Another museum - also of ethnological and managed by Pro locomotive should rise at the west of the country along the road to Palazzolo Acreide, near the former mill of Locozio, currently undergoing restoration. [66]

  • Ecomuseum Hyblon, housed in the structure of the Cenacle Dominican Father in Via Barbagallo, is a museopaleontologico - Mineralogical collecting specimens of the natural heritage of the area iblea, coming not only from the valley dell'Anapo, but also from Cavagrande Cassibile and Vendicari. [ 67]

  • Permanent Museum of Lace and Embroidery Artistic, established in 2003, is located in Via Machiavelli and is based on a private collection of lace and embroidery made between the nineteenth century and the second half of the twentieth century and from every Italian region. [68]

  • House of the twentieth century, located in Via Vincenzo Bellini, n. 43, consists of a typical solarinese dating back to the period of the First World War, restored and turned into a permanent exhibition of local ethnographic material. [69]


  • Radio: Solarino is home of the radio station Radio South Eastern (better known as Radio SO or simply RSO) [70] that broadcasts in the area of ​​Syracuse in frequency modulation (FM) on 98.200 Mhz. Until the early nineties, from Solarino also conveyed the broadcaster Radio On.

  • Television: the second half of the seventies, in particular since 1976, and until 1993 in Solarino which hosted the broadcaster Teleanapo, obscured following the law Mama on the regulation of public and private broadcasting system. [71] Since 2008, Teleanapo returned to broadcast stream, becoming unaweb TV. [72]


A pizzolo

To learn more, see the entry Pizzolo.

Typical products of the culinary tradition of Solarino are essentially ilpizzolo and an outcast. The Pizzolo, the name implies, is a kind of pizzafarcita whose content may vary: salami, cheese, meat or vegetables. While an outcast is a special kind of chases whose filling is mainly based on vegetables, potatoes and sausage, if salt; or made with ricotta, honey and cinnamon ozucchero, in its "sweet" and in this case is called chased 'the ricotta.

Other typical dishes, although not exclusive Solarino, as common to all the centers of the lower Val d'Anapo (Floridia, Canicattini Bagni and stessaSiracusa), are the zippole (or crispeddi), "drops" of fried dough, with within sultanas, in the sweet version, or pieces of salted anchovies, salted version that you consume for San Martino; the totò, baked Christmas covered with chocolate icing (totò blacks) or lemon (totò white) and cassatelle ricotta, sweet like tarts stuffed with ricotta, sugar or honey, orange peel or lemon and cinnamon.

People from Solarino

  • Alfredo Mezio (1908 - 1978), caricaturist, journalist, literary critic and art which, since 1997, have been dedicated to the public library and a street in the country. [73]

  • Paul Calafiore (1928 - 2006), painter, sculptor and writer.

  • Giuseppe Gianni (1947), political.

  • Giuseppe Palumbo (1975), cyclist.

  • Qbeta, musical group.


To learn more, see the entry for Feast of St. Paul Solarino.

'A nized (the output) of fercolo St. Paul dallaChiesa Mother for the procession during the patronal feast of August 3, 2008.

The most important events of Solarino are the religious festivals. The oldest known locally is undoubtedly one of the first Sunday of August in honor of the patron Saint Paul the Apostle, which attracts a large number of visitors and migrants and which gives news also etnologoGiuseppe Pitrè in his monumental work Library Sicilian folk traditions. [16]

As for other types of events (fairs, festivals, competitions, sports events), their persistence is essentially linked to the economic resources of the organizers; and so, in the past, Solarino was also the scene of livestock fairs (boario market from 1882 until the eighties [74]), trade fairs (Fiera del Sole, dal1995 to 1997), art contests (National Piano Competition "City of Solarino "Since 1995 [75] to the 2004 International Festival of Choral Music in 2000), sporting events (Trofeo Pantalica professional cycling from 1976 to 2003, [76] Motoraduno Solarino in 2001 [77] and Palio Horse" City of Solarino "since 1998 [78] and 2003 [79]). Currently we have the following events: [80]

  • Solarinese Carnival, with a parade of floats and masked groups in the streets of the country, outdoor disco in Piazza del Plebiscito and the sausage festival.

  • Feast of Santa Maria Annunziata is held on the second Sunday after Easter and is characterized by auctioning (â libbira home, in Sicilian) of the gifts offered to the Madonna and the ciaccariata, traditional torchlight procession of torches made of inflorescences of disa jumbled and intertwined ( ciaccàre) accompanying the procession fercolo and which has been known since 1847. [81]

  • Show / Photo Contest "City of Solarino" takes place in June, in the assembly room of the City.

  • Flower Festival "City of Solarino" takes place in June, in Piazza Plebiscito and along the Corso Vittorio Emanuele. [82]

  • The White Night: takes place, since 2009, in July, on a night between Saturday and Sunday. From 20 on Saturday, at 4:30 the next morning, you can watch plays and performances by street artists and musicians, in boxes specially set up along the Corso Vittorio Emanuele, Piazza del Plebiscito, Piazza IV Novembre and corners of the main streets of the town, visiting exhibitions and photography and painting, as well as shopping for stores that remain open specially for the duration of the event and participate in the tasting of local products. [83]

  • Summer Solarinese: in the months of July, August and September are organized musical and theatrical performances, sporting events, festivals. Of particular note, among other events, the singing contest denominatoEstivo.

  • Feast of St. Paul the Apostle is the main festival of Solarino, takes place the first Sunday in August, but the festivities in honor of the saint began the week before with various side events. [84] On January 25, however, the day of the Conversion of St. Paul, the feast of the patron, takes only a legal connotation and does not take any event, excluding purely religious (church functions eprocessione fercolo of the streets of the country) [85].

  • Beer Festival and typical products, in late August; the focus of the event is undoubtedly the performance of local bands and national and international fame.

  • Feast of Our Lady of Tears, takes place in the third week of September.

  • Medieval joust, inserted in 2008 as the closing event of Summer solarinese, consists in the re-enactment of a typical medieval tournament and is divided into two rounds: in the first, the knights, armed with a spear, devonono hit a target placed on the arm of a Twirling bust, while in the second, must pierce - always with a spear - rings progressively smaller.

  • Thanksgiving: an appointment is typical of the first week of November. Thanksgiving in question was that of farmers to harvest obtained during the year. It takes place in the streets of the country with the parade of agricultural vehicles, in front of the Mother Church, with the celebration of Holy Mass and in Piazza del Plebiscito, with popular games (greasy pole, sack race, tug of war) open to anyone who wants to participate. [86]

  • Festival of cottage cheese, held each May 1 until 2006, since 2007 has been inserted in the side events alNatale.

Finally, are celebrated three anniversaries related to civic history solarinese:

  • Anniversary (licentia populandi) - April 25.

  • Anniversary of the Battle of Solarino - July 13.

  • Municipal Autonomy anniversary - December 20.

Human geography

City planning

Detail of a house solarinese Nouveau.

Solarino is 859 km from the capital, Rome; 255 km from the regional capital, Palermo; 210 km from Agrigento; 157 km from Caltanissetta; 63 km from Catania; 132 km from Enna; 158 km from Messina; 67 km from Ragusa; 363 km from Trapani; and just 17 km from the provincial capital, Syracuse.

The urban center of the City, built on areas that were formerly known as: Santa Croce, Badìa, Closed Fondaco, Station, Coast Casino, Moat Barone, Cozzo Modicano and Piano Palace has a plant in orthogonal, oval. Its architectural appearance recently, since the founding of the town dates back to the second half of the eighteenth century, is characterized - especially in the Northeast quadrant (Vie Martyrs of Ardeatine, Vittorio Veneto, Nazario Sauro, quartiereStazione) - the so-called "Attardamento of Decoration Liberty ", which manifests itself in particular shapes of the window sills and frames limestone surmounting doors and windows of the houses built up to the forties eanni fifty. [87]

The northeast side of the Piazza del Plebiscito, centering the War Memorial, and the Palazzo Conti Mezio (Town Hall).

Heart geographical, political and religious of the country is the Piazza del Plebiscito. Almost square, is divided into two symmetrical parts from Corso Vittorio Emanuele, and it is the main roads of the country and the provincial and state roads to Floridia, Syracuse, Sortino and Palazzolo Acreide. There are the Town Hall, the Cathedral Church St. Paul the Apostle, the Monument to the Fallen in War, ilPalazzo Requisenz and the only pharmacy in the country. At the center of the south-western side of the square, in front of the Mother Church, is, then, the majestic pine planted during ilFascismo to commemorate the death of Arnaldo Mussolini and that, after the second world war, was renamed in Tree of Liberty, in memory the end of the war. [88] Finally, from December 2006 to July 2007, the square was the subject of an extensive restoration and consolidation on the replacement of the original flooring with a new one made of blocks of white stone d'Avola, the removal of pine trees that arredavano (except for the Tree of Liberty), the subsequent planting of magnolias and the installation of a new public lighting, so-called art, in order to bring out the monuments and buildings that face . The main street is the Corso Vittorio Emanuele, about 800 meters long and it is the natural continuation of the SS 124, in it there are the police station, the Palace Sipala and most of the businesses in the country.

Other places of interest, from the architectural point of view - urban, are Piazza IV Novembre (known by Solarinesi as the square of grass, because in ancient times was not paved and there grew wild on the lawn), square of approximately 1,000 square meters located in the west of the country, whose particular structure on two floors, reminiscent of the auditorium and the audience of a theater and that this characteristic is often used perrappresentazioni performing arts; Piazza Aldo Moro, semicircular, within which is embedded a staircase with painted murals on the top, 5 September 2009, was a statue of Padre Pio and Piazzale Victor Rizza, named in memory of an Italian-American researcher (of origins solarinesi) Rockefeller University NewYork died tragically with his son, in the crash of Flight SR111 2 September 1998. [89] The square, oval, was derived from the confluence of the streets Dante and Piave, near of 'Hospital Vasquez, is elevated above the road surface due to the difference in height between the two arteries and its interior features a rotunda surrounded by lawn on which were planted palm trees and other tall trees. [90]

Municipal district

The district has an area of ​​1,301 hectares, out to be, well, the smallest of the Province of Syracuse. Its boundaries are: north and west with the Municipality of Sortino; to the northeast, with that of Priolo Gargallo; to the east, still with Priolo Gargallo and Syracuse; south and southeast with Floridia and southeast with Palazzolo Acreide.

The extra-urban areas (locally called districts) that combine to form it are: Balatazza, Calancon wind, Carrubbazza, Case Rosse, Cassara, Cava Cirino, Basin Porco, Costa Lucente, Costa Palmieri, Costa Pernice, Cozzo of Death, Cozzo Collura, Cozzo Rabbit, Cugno Canne, Cugno Cardone, Cugno Randazzo, Finaiti, Fuller, Caves Conzo, Loco, Loco Carciolo, Locozìo, Macchiotta, Maltese, Mangiapecora, Farmhouse, New Well, Well Oliva, Quartararo, Raina, Ràzzina, San Demetrio, Sellichisina, Sfardascarpe, Soliardo, Trigona, Vizzinisi, Loco Zaiera, Zanno.
Many of these (Cozzo Amena, Cozzo Rabbit, Fuller, Macchiotta, Maltese, Mangiapecora, Pozzo Oliva), due to the population growth of the City now form an integral part of the urban center. Other (Balatazza, Finaiti, Trigona, Cugno Canne, Sellichisina), however, being next to the town and as a result of the constant building expansion that has found new life since the nineties, [91] are urbanizing, losing their rural characteristics and increasingly becoming the new edge of the village.


Almonds, a wealth for the economy solarinese.

The country's economy, in the past, it was mainly agricultural, as indeed were those of other municipalities of Syracuse. Known primarily for the production of olives, almonds ecarrube territory solarinese resulted mainly intended to intensive crops (60%), extensive crops (30%) and pasture (10%).

After the economic boom of the sixties and following the birth of the petrochemical, agriculture has had a setback as well as the breeding of cattle and sheep, so their impact in the economic fabric of the country is gone, with time, diminishing and currently, is quite modest. [92] Nevertheless, thanks to the ability of economic conversion of many local operators, the economy linked to natural products (cereals, olives, carob, almond, fruit and vegetables), is attempting one development in terms of processing and exporting of products (local cakes, honey, oil, canned). Just think about it, the City converges much of olive production in the area, for the milling and that, annually, in Solarino is processed a quantity of almonds of about 65,000 tons, equivalent to 80% of the Sicilian production. [4] Therefore, two seasonal jobs typically have been transformed into a stable source of employment, thanks to export the finished product on an international scale. As a result, the economy of the country, major importance is the industries of food processing [93] (dairies, oil mills, flour mills, butchers, canneries), beekeeping, processing of citrus fruits and fruit and vegetables. As of 2000, signs of recovery are also visible in the building sector and is quite developed sector also linked to wine and food through different structures (bars, pubs, discopubs, restaurants, pizzerias, reception rooms) is present in the city center and its surroundings.


  • Red oranges

  • The pods

  • Lemons of Syracuse [94]

  • Almonds

  • The thyme honey [95]

  • Mustard

  • Olive oil DOP Monti Iblei, sub Anapo Valley. [96]

Markets and fairs

  • The weekly market (in Sicilian 'a fera), takes place every Monday morning in the district station, in the area between Piazza Road Victims, Via Donizetti and Via Enna, near the northern outskirts of the town.

Infrastructure and transport

Because of the low urban center, in Solarino there are no urban public transport.

As for the suburban transport by road, is connected with Solarino Floridia, Syracuse, Sortino, Cassaro, Ferlae Palazzolo Acreide via the bus AST [97] and with Catania, Fontanarossa, Floridia, Belvedere and Priolo Gargallo, using coach services INTERBUS . [98]

For air transport, the municipality in question, as well as most of the urban centers of eastern Sicily, depends daCatania; while for sea and rail, from Syracuse (railway and port), as well as from the commercial port of Augusta.


The main road arteries [99] serving the City are:

  • There Syracuse linking it primarily with Floridia, Syracuse and Palazzolo Acreide.

  • There Eastern Sicula linking it primarily with Catania (outputs: North Syracuse, Syracuse, Priolo south).

  • There Solarino - Fusco - Sortino, scenic road that runs through the Valley dell'Anapo.

  • There Solarino - Diddino, which connects the town with the provincial Priolo Gargallo, eCittà Belvedere Garden.

  • There Diddino - Monte Climiti - Saiazza, connecting with Solarino Sortino and Melilli.

  • There Balatazza - Trigona, which connects the city center with the name of two districts and the State Route 124.


To learn more, see the entry Railroad Siracusa-Ragusa-Vizzini.

Railway bridge over the disused track of Siracusa-Ragusa-Vizzini, near Solarino.

From 19 July 1915, [100] for about forty years, was active train station "San Paolo Solarino" located at 144 m above sea level, at km 17.172 of the route of the railway Siracusa-Ragusa-Vizzini, [101] in an area belonging Well part of the district Oliva, which currently corresponds with the Avenue of the Fatherland, on the north-east of the country. [102] This station until July 26, 1923, represented ilcapolinea of ​​trafficking; while, on 30 June 1956, he left the last train to Syracuse locomotive driven by 03 (called Solarino) [103] that came guests modern Syracuse New at 9:30, after half an hour of travel, with recent rail vehicles to be set aside. [104] Later on that date, in fact, as a result of the decree which ordered the closure of Angelini called deadwood railways [105] was closed the entire rail route, which since the war had been reduced to the trunk Home San Paolo Solarino - Syracuse New. Following the dismantling of the railway and urban expansion, the station was abandoned and later demolished to make way to the buildings of the new district called precisely Station. Since 1956, therefore, the railway station of reference is that of Syracuse that is less than 20 km from the city center.

Current administration

Address of the town hall: Piazza del Plebiscito, 34-96010 Solarino

Previous administrations

To learn more, see the entry of Mayors Solarino.

Obtaining of municipal (1827) to the present (2007), 86 municipalities have followed, driving of which there was a mayor 59 times, 12 times a commissioner, 7 times a acting, 6 times mayor and once each, a municipal magistrate and a royal delegate. In 1943, then, for three months, the city was subjected to the US Military Government of Occupied Territories (AMGOT); as they were to appoint the first two mayors allied after World War II.

To date, the sindacatura longest was that of Michael Gozzo that Solarino administered for 14 consecutive years, from 1882 to 1896, while the shortest, lasting just 54 days, from January 5 to February 28, 1990, it is up to Benito Cassia . During the First Republic, the political party that has had more mayors was the Christian Democrats (22 of 31 administrations). With the direct election of mayors, introduced by the Law of 25 March 1993 n. 81, has served as First Citizen, twice the candidates of the center and for once each, the candidate delcentrosinistra and a member of a civil list. [106]

Other administrative information

  • The municipality belongs to Region agrarian n.5 - Plain of Syracuse. [107]

  • Since 2010, [108] is part of the Union's common Solarino called Union of Monti Climiti along with the adjoining town of Floridia. [109]


The City of Solarino is twinned with:

  • New Britain (Connecticut), United States of America from 23 September 1985. [110]

  • Aninoasa, Romania from 21 July 2001. [111]

  • Moreland, Australia from 26 January 2007. [112]



February 10, 2008, the 20th day of the regional championship of Second Category Group F, the teams of San Paolo Solarino (held in blue) and the Real San Paolo deployed in midfield before the derby, terminatosi 5-2 for Real.

Despite being the most popular sport and the most followed by Solarinesi, has never given great results, reaching levels amateur medium-low.

To date, the best result is achieved third place in the Championship promotion, obtained in stagione1998-99 by Gruppo Sportivo San Paolo back from three consecutive promotions (the Third Category allaPromozione in the years 1996 to 1998) [113] and only team to solarinese win a trophy category (the Cup of Trinacria Second Category, June 22, 1997, in the final of Viagrande against Messina of Giustra). [114]

This lack of results, however, has been linked not only to technical skills and competitive, but especially in economic matters, [115] since all football clubs solarinesi of the past have gone to meeting financial failure, including formations title holders.

So it was in the late seventies with Solarinese, the City first team to play in the championship-promoting in the 1976-77 season, [116] that in the meantime, after changing several names (SS Mobilburgio and, after the merger with the AC Solarino, Solarino SS) was relegated to the first category in the 1978-79 season, after taking the original name.

The same fate befell the GS San Paolo who, having averted the crisis in 2001, [117] two years after he had to give up their sports title, [118] to disappear permanently from the football scene in 2004. [119]

In subsequent years, have alternated and complemented various formations and then later disappear as the previous teams, reaching between 2007 and 2010, the maximum number of four formations solarinesi simultaneously present in the amateur leagues between Second (San Paolo Solarino and Real San Paolo) and third category (Rebirth Solarinese and Solarino). For the 2011/12 season, however, in Solarino are two football teams, both militants in the third category: the Solarinese and Sporting St. Paul. [120]


It is the second most popular sport in the town, but it is also the one that gave more satisfaction, especially at the level of youth competitions, culminating with the conquest of two junior world titles on the road, in 1992 [121] and in 1993, [122] by Digiuseppe Palumbo. As for cycling events in the recent past, has been the scene of Solarino Trofeo Pantalica, international race (category 1.1 UCI) road cycling for cyclists (elite category); [123]

February 27, 1999, Andrea Ferrigato wins the sprint the XXIV Trofeo Pantalica, arriving place in Piazza del Plebiscito.

currently, however, the various races organized concern sectors amateur, youth and amateur cycling. Among these deserve mention:

  1. Trophy Silvio Pellico, born in 1989 as a "race to the neighborhood" by a group of enthusiasts (Club Silvio Pellico) that they decided to organize a cycling race characterized by the fact that the arrival was in the street, clubhouse (Via Silvio Pellico, in fact); with the passing of the years has become one of the most important races for cyclists Sicilian subscribers Federation UDACE and later round of the Italian UDACE. Have been linked to it various side events of cultural, recreational and folkloric. It runs between April and May of each year on a street circuit of nearly 5 km to be performed several times for a total of 74 km. [124]

  2. Cup St. Paul the Apostle, night race reserved for youth categories (Juniors, G5, G6, Beginners I and II year, Youth, Juniors) and amateurs members of the Federation UDACE, [125] which winds along a street circuit to be performed more and sometimes that takes place, since 1952, as part of the festivities in honor of the patron, the late evening of Friday, antivigilia the party. [126]

Sports facilities

Stadio Comunale "Pippo Scatà" and Tensostatico "Davide Triolo".

  • Stadio Comunale "Pippo Scatà", dedicated to the median solarinese seventies, who died aged just 48, [127] is located north of the town and is a multipurpose sports facility, as it includes not only the football field, in Dirt track for athletics, moat for the long jump, the platform for launches (weight, disc, hammer), as well as a tennis court, a soccer field at 5 and dellatensostruttura "Davide Triolo" . Recently it has also been used for non-sporting events such as concerts, the Beer Festival and Local Products, the celebrations of the Centenary of Scouting.

  • Tensostatico "Davide Triolo", structure, named in memory of the young discus thrower solarinese, who died tragically in 2004 at the age of 27, [128] is located within the perimeter of the Stadium; was inaugurated the2 April of 2006 and is used primarily for volleyball and basketball.

  • Soccer field 5 "Superball", is located in the district Farmhouse, 2 km to the east of the city center, and is the playing field of the company Green Sport.

  • Shooting range, is located in the resort of Cugno Canne.


marisa pappalardo - February 6, 2015


Hi! First I introduce myself. My name is Marisa Pappalardo and my hobby is genealogy, as well as the study and research (for future publication put in the yard) of migration flows that have affected the municipalities of Canicattini / Floridia and later (since founded later), Solarino. I read your blog and I can tell you (as I acts), that Sipala were already before 1797 in Canicattini and for all I know so far (because research on Sipala I started a couple of days ago), the Sipala already existed in 1754. Below I will try to explain the family of this family Sipala (if do not come out the other Sipala these days). In 1754 takes place the marriage between Joseph and Mezzio this Pasquala Sipala. Act parish Pasquala Sipala meanwhile appears to be born in Three (abbrevizione Terre) Balneorum, then Canicattini Bagni (I state that often is referred to as Canicattini Balnei or Balneorum and Cannicattini, but the last condition is more frequent since the beginning of 1800 ). In addition we can also know the names of the parents, who are Sebastiano Sipala and Sebastiana Ficara, so in summary, we have a name, that Sebastiano Sipala, already present in Canicattini before 1754, being the father of Pasquala. In 1773, the couple's daughter Mezzio / Sipala, who was born in Canicattini anyway, but when the wedding was resident in Solarino, she married this Bombaci. This specific line, gave birth later, Benedict Bombaci, notary as well as mayor of Canicattini.

Thank you for your attention.

Marisa Pappalardo

pictured the marriage certificate

(Click to enlarge)

Salvatore Sipala Canicattini Bagni

I think I can give you my contribution of my research FAMILY TREE GENEAOLOGICO sipala. Let's talk about dominiazione

Spanish years 1400-1700. At that time comes the Captain of fortune sipala, landing 'in Sicily and in PALERMO

subsequently assigned to the garrison of NOTO (Siracusa). His ashes rest after his death in the Mother Church

PALERMO. The tomb was carved in the period by the famous sculptor "GAGGINI". With the earthquake of the year 1693 of the Valley

Noto, one of his heirs migrated 'in Canicattini Bagni some sipala Antonino born in 1726, then are born

in the Municipality sipala Salvatore year 1756, one of his descendants born in 1783 (nephew) and a sipala Savior born in 1809 another niece.

From what 'it is assumed that other descendants are able to emigrate to other municipalities Aretusei and outside the province.



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